Some notes on not jumping to conclusions that incidents are cyber attacks. A false flag operation shows the difficulty of attribution: not everything that purrs is a kitten, because sometimes it’s a bear. Notes from the ISC Security Conference in Atlanta, including some reflections on the criminal market’s business cycle, the dangers of social engineering, and the importance of attending to the fundamentals. And the Vatican fixes a bug. Joe Carrigan from JHU ISI on the ease with which one’s identity can be determined using previously anonymized data sets.