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Daily briefing.

The 2015 breaches of Bundestag systems in Berlin are looking more like a Russian operation. An anonymous source within the German security services tells journalists the attacks were "clearly attributable to a Russian military intelligence service." Some observers in Germany think the deep game is destabilization of the European Union, with a playbook taken from hybrid operations against Ukraine.

SentinelOne continues to warn against BlackEnergy3, which at least accompanied, if it didn't actually accomplish, the recent hacks of Ukraine's grid.

BlackEnergy is currently spreading through malicious Microsoft Office files. Another familiar kit, Kasidet, a.k.a. Neutrino, enjoys an unwelcome resurgence, transmitted by compromised Office macros.

The US Congress begins investigating whether the now-patched encryption issues in Juniper products have their source in an NSA-developed algorithm. The US Government is a big Juniper customer, and the gear it bought and uses apparently suffered the same weaknesses as anything sold to other customers.

DDoS attacks may have become the single most common cyber assault on financial services enterprises. Not only banks are affected: the Elder Scrolls online game reported a DDoS episode yesterday.

TalkTalk thinks the breach it sustained in October cost it up to £60 million and more than 100 thousand customers.

In industry news, FireEye acquires Invotas. Bell Aerospace enters the cyber security market with its purchase of Wavefront. Quick Heal prepares for next week's IPO, and Alert Logic gets ready for a 2017 IPO. Norse is still down-and-out.

And a study shows that cyber crime doesn't pay (all that well).

Notes.

Today's issue includes events affecting Australia, Colombia, European Union, Germany, Iran, Iraq, Ireland, Kosovo, Malaysia, Russia, Syria, Ukraine, United Kingdom, United States.

Cyber Attacks, Threats, and Vulnerabilities

Was Russia behind 2015's cyber attack on the German parliament? (Deutsche Welle) Russian secret services are said to have been responsible for a cyber attack on the German parliament last year. There are a whole series of indications that Kremlin strategists have their sights set on Germany

National Power Grids Increasingly Targeted in Cyber Attacks (Voice of America) Ukraine's electric power grid is once again under cyberattack, just one month after a similar incident successfully brought down portions of the system and left millions in the dark

Macro Malware Resurgence Highlighted By Kasidet Outbreak (Dark Reading) Also known as Neutrino, this piece of malware is another case of Office macro malaise

Government software may have let in foreign spies (The Hill) The government may have used compromised software for up to three years, exposing national security secrets to foreign spies, according to lawmakers and security experts

The Elder Scrolls Online European megaservers under DDOS attack (VG 24/7) If you're having problems connecting to The Elder Scrolls Online, you're not the only one

DDoS is most common cyber attack on financial institutions (ComputerWeekly) Attack on HSBC is typical for the financial sector, but no business should consider itself unlikely to be targeted in this way, say security experts

The Twelve Days of Crisis — A Retrospective on Linode's Holiday DDoS Attacks (Linode) Over the twelve days between December 25th and January 5th, Linode saw more than a hundred denial-of-service attacks against every major part of our infrastructure, some severely disrupting service for hundreds of thousands of Linode customers

Cyber extortion is a growing, but largely hidden threat (ComputerWeekly) Security industry warns of increasing cyber extortion attacks as Lincolnshire County Council is hit by a ransomware demand

Is your HP enterprise printer hosting malware for hackers? (Help Net Security) "If you're concerned about security, put your printers are behind a firewall and, if it's a Hewlett-Packard, make sure port 9100 isn't open," says security researcher Chris Vickery

Using IPv6 with Linux? You've likely been visited by Shodan and other scanners (Ars Technica) Shodan caught using time-keeping servers to quietly harvest IP addresses

SLOTH Downgrades TLS 1.2 Encrypted Channels (TrendLabs Security Intelligence Blog) Early last month a new vulnerability was found in how TLS 1.2 was implemented

UK activists dumps 2.5 GB of data stolen from US police union (Help Net Security) Last Thursday, UK-based researcher and activist Thomas White has made available for download 2.5 GB of data stolen in a recent hack of the computer systems of the Fraternal Order of Police (FOP), the biggest police union in the United States

South American Hacktivist Leaks Data from Colombian Government Websites (Softpedia) The hacker known as Hanom1960 has breached, stole, and leaked information from Colombia's Ministry of Information Technologies and Communications and Ministry of National Education

Cyber attack cost TalkTalk up to £60m and 101k customers (Fast FT) TalkTalk says the cyber attack it suffered in October has lopped £15m off trading revenue as well as forcing it to book exceptional costs of £40m–£45m, and losing it up to 101,000 customers

TalkTalk's cyber-security lesson (SC Magazine) The TalkTalk breach was not an isolated incident says Clayton Locke who advises companies on the need to monitor user-behaviour for inconsistencies

Cyber attack victim firm Loyaltybuild in Clare has €18m loss (Irish Examiner) Loyaltybuild — the Co Clare firm that was victim to a "very sophisticated cyber attack" plunged into the red in 2014 to record pre-tax losses of €18m. Loyaltybuild Ltd posted a profit of €1m in 2013

Self-Driving Car Technology Poses High Hacking Risk: Study (Gadgets 360°) While major auto companies are working on introducing the futuristic self-driving technology in cars soon, this threatens to open new security problems for them as hackers have sensed an opportunity here, a researcher has predicted

Sensitive information obtained in 88% of visual hacking trails: Study (Networks Asia) In nearly nine out of ten instances, security experts were able to visually hack corporate information, according to research published by Ponemon Institute. Titled "The 3M Visual Hacking Experiment," the study was conducted on behalf of the Visual Privacy Advisory Council and 3M Company

Bulletin (SB16-032) Vulnerability Summary for the Week of January 25, 2016 (US-CERT) The US-CERT Cyber Security Bulletin provides a summary of new vulnerabilities that have been recorded by the National Institute of Standards and Technology (NIST) National Vulnerability Database (NVD) in the past week

Security Patches, Mitigations, and Software Updates

You need these critical Android updates — but will you get them? (Naked Security) Google's latest Nexus Security Bulletin is out

Tails 2.0 fixes many security issues (Help Net Security) Tails is a live operating system, that you can start on almost any computer from a DVD, USB stick, or SD card. It aims at preserving your privacy and anonymity

Toys Patched Against Flaws That Put Children's Data, Safety At Risk (Threatpost) As more devices are connected to the Internet, not only are vulnerabilities introduced into those networked things, but also some glaring holes are exposed in organizations' ability to receive and triage bug reports

Coping with new Windows 10 patch security issues (TechTarget) Microsoft's new approach to mandatory Windows 10 patching raises new security issues for businesses. Expert Paul DeGroot explains what the problems are and how to deal with them

Goodbye and good riddance: Oracle finally ditches Java browser plug-in (Naked Security) After two decades of awful memories and zero-day vulnerabilities, Oracle is killing off the notoriously insecure Java browser plug-in. When Oracle releases version 9 of the Java Development Kit (currently anticipated for 23 March 2017), it'll be deprecated and gone

Cyber Trends

Cybercrime Doesn't Pay As Much As You'd Think (Dark Reading) Legit cybersecurity professionals typically make more than the average cybercriminal, a new survey says

Many Law Firms Lack Adequate HIPAA-Related Cybersecurity Standards: Survey (Legaltech News) Only 13 percent of the law firms questioned had relevant security measures in place to protect clients' personal health information under HIPAA

Hospitals coming under increasing hack attacks (Health Data Management) Phishing created big news in healthcare last year — the really bad kind

Are Retailers Improving Cybersecurity? (Bank Info Security) R-CISC Director says cross-industry collaboration, info sharing make a difference

Australian companies 'open to cyber crime' (The Age) Australian companies could risk becoming "low-hanging fruit" for cyber criminals due to a lack of education and an unwillingness to properly deal with threats

Marketplace

Data breaches, a board's biggest fear just got worse (Financial Review) Data breaches are becoming as lucrative as the global drug trade. Massive data breaches are almost a daily occurrence

Norse Founder Doesn't Know Whether His Cybersecurity Business Is Still Alive (Forbes) The Norse gods have left their underlings in a state of chaos. That is, the gods of Californian security intelligence firm Norse Corp

Some notes on the Norse collapse (Errata Security) Recently, cybersec company "Norse Security" imploded. Their leaders and most the employees were fired, and their website is no longer available. I thought I'd write up some notes on this

Liar, Liar, KPMG Capital's Investment Into Norse Corp. On Fire (Forbes) Brian Krebs, previously a Reporter for The Washington Post where he wrote blog posts for the popular 'Security Fix blog' plus hundreds of stories for the print and online versions of the newspaper, authored an investigative report over this past weekend titled "Sources: Security Firm Norse Corp. Imploding"

Norse Corp: Deconstructing threat intelligence on Iran (CSO) Memo circulated to government officials contains no actual intelligence, redefines the word attack

Cybersecurity Gap Blocks Pentagon From a Lockheed F-35 Database (Bloomberg Business) The Pentagon hasn't had updated information on maintenance of the F-35 jet since May because a Lockheed Martin Corp. database doesn't meet new government cybersecurity requirements, according to the Defense Department's testing office

FireEye buys Invotas International to improve security automation and orchestration (Computer Technology Review) FireEye has bought privately held Invotas International, a vendor of security automation and orchestration technology to deliver security orchestration capabilities as part of the California-based company's global threat management platform

FireEye acquires Invotas for faster incident response (CSO) Invotas' platform consolidates information from many security products

Ball Aerospace Buys Software Development Firm Wavefront for Cyber, Diversification Push; Rob Strain Comments (GovConWire) Ball Aerospace and Technologies has bought engineering and analytical services provider Wavefront Technologies for an undisclosed sum as part of its portfolio diversification efforts

Quick Heal IPO to open next week (Business Standard) Company has fixed price band of Rs 311-321 per share

Fast-growing tech CEO: 2016 is an IPO prep year (Houston Business Journal) One of Houston's largest and fastest-growing technology companies, Alert Logic Inc., grows so consistently that you can almost set your watch to it

Join the Cyber Security Business Development Mission to Japan, South Korea and Taiwan (Export.gov) The United States Department of Commerce, International Trade Administration (ITA), is organizing an Executive-led Cyber-security Business Development Mission to Japan, South Korea and Taiwan

The Cybersecurity Talent You Seek May Be In-House (Dark Reading) IT staff in many cases are already performing security-related work — with proper training, they could be converted to the security team

Products, Services, and Solutions

ThreatTrack Releases Its Next-Generation Malware Analysis Sandbox (ThreatTrack Security) ThreatAnalyzer 6.0 enables enterprises and government agencies to discover and respond to advanced malware evading their signature-based defenses

Anti-DDoS Solution From NSFOCUS Helps Australian Service Provider Micron21 Mitigate Massive Denial of Service Attack (BusinessWire) Large-scale DDoS assault consumed 23 Terabytes of inbound data in only two hours; outage would have cost up to $1.3 Million

IEEE Anti-Malware Support Service Goes Live (Dark Reading) Through the collaborative effort of major players in the computer security industry, organizations now have two new tools for better malware detection

Technologies, Techniques, and Standards

NIST Invites Tech Vendors for Wireless Medical Device Cyberscurity Demo (ExecutiveBiz) The National Institute of Standards and Technology is looking for industry partners to help create and demonstrate a standards-based reference technology design for the protection of wireless medical infusion pumps against cyber threats

How to protect security product investments (CSO) Simply buying additional expensive security products and configuring them no more completely or precisely than you did the last slew of protection tools you purchased is a road map to recurring breaches

Defending the smart grid: What security measures to implement (Help Net Security) Smart grids are a fundamental component of the European critical infrastructure. They are rooted on communication networks that have become essential elements allowing the leveraging of the "smart" features of power grids

The new economics of data protection in a world of ransomware (Graham Cluley) Recently, a new strain of ransomware named 7ev3n was seen in the wild that is more nefarious and, frankly, more stupid than previous versions of this now popular criminal enterprise

What a CISO Breakfast Confirmed About Mobile Security Threats and Strategies (IBM Security Intelligence) As mobile grows, so do security threats. I recently had the opportunity to attend a breakfast with several chief information security officers (CISOs) and hear them talk about their mobile security concerns and strategies. It quickly became apparent that everyone had their own unique company cultures and primary concerns they were trying to address

The fight for a third-best smartphone OS has been lost. By everyone. (Ars Technica) Op-Ed: Without a truly viable third option, it's Android, iOS, or bust

Design and Innovation

Adblocker blockers move to a whole new level (Naked Security) Hold onto your hats! This article is about adblocking, always a windswept topic when we discuss it on Naked Security. Adblockers do pretty much what they say

Why Bitcoin Will Thrive First in the Developing World (Wired) Explaining the appeal of bitcoin to the average American isn't easy

Academia

UCOP Ordered Spyware Installed on UC Data Networks (Remaking the University) The San Francisco Chronicle has coverage of an issue that has been circulating on faculty email networks at UC Berkeley for a few days

Legislation, Policy, and Regulation

Missed chance for Safe Harbor 2.0 means we'll likely see stricter EU data privacy rules (FierceCIO) The deadline to reach a deal on data transfer rules between the U.S. and EU came and passed Sunday evening without a new agreement in place

Opinion: The undoing of Germany's privacy dogma (Christian Science Monitor Passcode) In the wake of European terror attacks and the ongoing refugee crisis, many Germans are backing away from staunch opposition to their country's close cooperation with US spy agencies. Now, Germans are willing to accept a more reasonable balance between security and privacy

ODNI Names Cyber Threat Intell Center Leadership Team Members (ExecutiveGov) Tonya Ugoretz, a senior intelligence analyst at FBI, has been named director of the cyber threat intelligence integration center within the Office of the Director of National Intelligence

Litigation, Investigation, and Law Enforcement

First Hacker Arrested for CyberTerror Charges Arrives In American Court (Dark Reading) Kosovo citizen faces a maximum sentence of 35 years in prison for hacking and providing material support to ISIS

Laws that could jail journalists for reporting on spying 'may breach constitution' (Guardian) Australia's national security monitor says legislation should be amended to protect journalists — but he proposes no such safeguards for intelligence officers

Despite progress, DOD systems still vulnerable to hacking (FCW) Despite some key improvements from the previous fiscal year, Defense Department missions and systems remain vulnerable to hacking, according to an annual report from the Pentagon's weapons tester

Homeland Security secretary: Cybersecurity tool Einstein is good and getting better (Federal Times) Homeland Security Secretary Jeh Johnson has said cybersecurity is a top priority for the department — right alongside counterterrorism. So, after news outlets reported on a recent critical review from the Government Accountability Office, Johnson released a statement defending the department's premiere cybersecurity tool: Einstein

If You Go Near the Super Bowl, You Will Be Surveilled Hard (Wired) Super Bowl 50 will be big in every way. A hundred million people will watch the game on TV

White House refuses security clearance for Ashkan Soltani (Engadget) The security researcher and journalist would have been advising US CTO Megan Smith

White House sets dangerous precedent for future government workers, after refusing clearance for security expert Ashkan Soltani (ZDNet) Soltani was denied "necessary" security clearance likely because of his journalistic work with the Snowden documents, which won him a Pulitzer prize in 2014

Clinton's emails drown out cyber debate (The Hill) The intense scrutiny of Hillary Clinton's private email server is crowding cybersecurity of the 2016 election discussion

Official: Withheld Clinton emails contain 'operational' intel, put lives at risk (Fox News) Highly classified Hillary Clinton emails that the intelligence community and State Department recently deemed too damaging to national security to release contain "operational intelligence" — and their presence on the unsecure, personal email system jeopardized "sources, methods and lives," a U.S. government official who has reviewed the documents told Fox News

Clinton didn't know how to access email by computer, says State official (The Hill) Hillary Clinton did not know how to use a computer to read and send emails when she entered office as the nation's top diplomat in 2009

Anti-swatting US Congresswoman targeted in swatting attack (Ars Technica) Computer-generated voice called in threat to author of Internet Swatting Hoax Act

Corrupt Silk Road Investigator Re-Arrested for Allegedly Trying to Flee the US (Wired) Just when the Silk Road's saga of dirty money and double-dealing seemed to be winding down, one of the federal agents who investigated the site has added an audacious footnote: What looks like a brazen attempt to flee the United States after he was convicted and sentenced to prison for corruption in his handling of the case

Boy arrested over TalkTalk hacking settles case against Twitter (Irish Times) 15-year-old's privacy action resolved on confidential terms, with no admission of liability

Alleged ISIS Fanboy Justin Nojan Sullivan Charged With Killing Neighbor (Daily Beast) Authorities said in December that a suspect in the 2014 murder of an elderly North Carolina man was in custody. On Monday, they confirmed that suspect was Justin Nojan Sullivan

For a complete running list of events, please visit the Event Tracker on the CyberWire website.

Upcoming Events

ESA 2016 Leadership Summit (Chandler, Arizona, USA, January 31 - February 3, 2016) The electronic security industry is rapidly changing and continuously evolving. It's not enough to just survive. Businesses looking to thrive need to adapt to ensure their people, products, services and...

SANS Cyber Threat Intelligence Summit & Training 2016 (Alexandria, Virginia, USA, February 3 - 10, 2016) This Summit will focus on specific analysis techniques and capabilities that can be used to properly create and maintain Cyber Threat Intelligence in your organization. Attend this summit to learn and...

BSides Tampa 2016 (MV Royal Caribbean Brilliance of the Seas, Tampa to Mexico, February 4 - 8, 2016) BSides Tampa is an annual IT security/hacking conference featuring hands on training classes and lectures from some of the greatest minds in the industry and academia

The Law and Policy of Cybersecurity Symposium (Rockville, Maryland, USA, February 5, 2016) This one-day symposium will cover the critical legal and policy issues, challenges, and developments in cybersecurity. Legal professionals, professionals who develop cybersecurity strategies and policies,...

Insider Threat Program Development Training — California (Carlsbad, California, USA, February 8 - 10, 2016) The National Insider Threat Special Interest Group website has some very "eye opening" examples of how "damaging and costly" an "insider threat incident" can be. The FBI Insider Threat Alert states companies...

OPSWAT Cyber Security Seminar (Washington, DC, February 9, 2016) OPSWAT, along with our Washington DC partners, InQuest and Punch Cyber, will be hosting a half-day seminar to cover several threat detection and research technologies

Secure Rail (Orlando, Florida, USA, February 9 - 10, 2016) The first conference to address physical and cyber rail security in North America

Cyber Security Breakdown: Dallas (Dallas, Texas, USA, February 10, 2016) This half day session will provide you with the critical information you need to start formulating an effective response in the eventuality of a cyber security event. Rather than try and handle the breach...

SecureWorld Charlotte (Charlotte, North Carolina, USA, February 11, 2016) Join your fellow security professionals for affordable, high-quality cybersecurity training and education. Earn 6-12 CPE credits through 30+ educational elements learning from nationally recognized industry...

Suits and Spooks (Washington, DC, USA, February 4 - 5, 2015) Suits and Spooks DC (Feb 4-5, 2015) is moving to the Ritz Carlton hotel in Pentagon City! We're expanding our attendee capacity to 200 and for the first time will be including space for exhibitors. We...

2016 Cyber Security Division R&D Showcase and Technical Workshop (Washington, DC, USA, February 17 - 19, 2016) The cybersecurity threat continues to evolve and in order to keep ahead of the threat; new cutting-edge cybersecurity technologies are needed. The Cyber Security Division (CSD) within the Department of...

Department of the Navy (DON) IT Conference, West Coast 2016 (San Deigo, California, USA, February 17 - 19, 2016) The purpose of the DON IT conference is to: (1) Explain the new and invigorated DUSN (M), DON/AA, and DON CIO organization and its business and IT transformation priorities. (2) Share information that...

ICISSP 2016 (Rome, Italy, February 19 - 21, 2016) The International Conference on Information Systems Security and Privacy aims at creating a meeting point for researchers and practitioners that address security and privacy challenges that concern information...

Interconnect2016 (Las Vegas, Nevada, USA, February 21 - 25, 2016) IBM InterConnect 2016 is for those who are building new business models, transforming industries, and creating better outcomes. Whether you're a C-suite executive, IT leader, developer, designer, architect,...

CISO Canada Summit (Montréal, Québec, Canada, February 21 - 23, 2016) Tactics and best practices for taking on enterprise IT security threats. The CISO Summit will bring together C-level IT security executives, industry analysts and solution providers to discuss challenges...

cybergamut Tech Tuesday: Neuro Cyber Analytics: Understanding the Patterns of Human Cognition in the Cyber Domain (Elkridge, Maryland, Middletown, February 23, 2016) This presentation will discuss Neuro Cyber Analytics. Humans use context-specific neurocognitive patterns for receiving and processing internal and external sensory information. Stated differently, people...

Insider Threat Program Development Training Course — Maryland (Annapolis, Maryland, USA, February 23 - 25, 2016) The National Insider Threat Special Interest Group website has some very "eye opening" examples of how "damaging and costly" an "insider threat incident" can be. The FBI Insider Threat Alert states companies...

CISO New York Summit (New York, New York, USA, February 25, 2016) A data breach is not only a PR nightmare, but cause for customers to turn to competitors, exposing sensitive company information and racking up fines from industry regulators. In order for organizations...

BSides San Francisco (San Francisco, California, USA, February 28 - 29, 2016) BSides San Francisco is an Information / Security conference that's different. We're a 100% volunteer organized event, put on by and for the community, and we truly strive to keep information free. There...

CISO Summit Europe (London, England, UK, February 28 - March 1, 2016) With the media covering the latest data breaches, cloud computing security questions going unanswered and hackers developing more sophisticated attacks, the IT department has a growing responsibility to...

RSA Conference 2016 (San Francisco, California, USA, February 29 - March 4, 2016) Celebrating its 25th anniversary, RSA Conference continues to drive the information security agenda forward. Connect with industry leaders at RSA Conference 2016

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