The US Senate appears to be leaning towards the Justice Department's position on encryption, the Washington Post reports. During a Senate Judiciary Committee hearing on Wednesday, committee chairman Lindsey Graham told representatives from tech companies including Apple and Facebook that "You’re going to find a way to do this or we’re going to do it for you," referring to lawful access to encrypted data. Fortune notes that senators' arguments against end-to-end encryption tended to focus on fighting child exploitation and sex trafficking, as opposed to the FBI's earlier warnings that the technology would enable terrorists to operate undetected. The Washington Post points out that Senator Graham's position has shifted since the Justice Department was trying to gain access to an encrypted iPhone in the wake of the 2015 San Bernardino shootings.
Facebook refused Attorney General William Barr's request that the company delay its plans to implement end-to-end encryption across all of its services, Computing says.
Senator Ron Wyden (Democrat of Oregon) is seeking information on how Avast uses its customers' data, according to Motherboard. Wladimir Palant, creator of Adblock Plus, revealed in October that the Avast was storing browsing information on users of the security company's browser extensions. Avast's CEO Ondrej Vlcek told Forbes that the data is anonymized and can't be used for targeted advertising, but it is used by companies to determine metrics about web traffic.
The Wassenaar Arrangement held its annual meeting of member states and determined that "software designed or modified for the conduct of military offensive cyber operations" will now be treated as a military technology, Jane's 360 reports.